WHAT IS SOLAR ENERGY?
Solar electricity is a renewable power source that is generated by capturing particles of sunlight through photovoltaics cells and converting the photons into electrons. Many solar energy systems leverage mirroring and reflection strategies to collect more sunlight particle - increasing the generation of energy to power electrical systems. Further, effective solar energy systems leverage designs and aspects (south in the Northern hemisphere) that increase exposure to the sun.
When solar energy is created, the photons are turned into direct currents and must pass through an inverter to be converted into alternate currents that can be used by the household. If a solar energy system produces a surplus, the net energy can be provided to the electical grid. On the hand, if there is a deficit in energy generation by the solar energy system, energy can be consumed from the electrical grid to meet the demands of the household.
Overall, net zero homes reduce the use of non-renewable energy sources and provide the following benefits:
- Lower greenhouse gas emissions through the lack of dependence on fossil fuels
- Reduced ongoing maintenance and operating expenses by leveraging improved building materials and renewable energy sources
- Improved energy resilience by reducing exposure to the power grid that may be affected by power outages and environmental disaster